Do sirens always wail?

A frame from Prophecy 3: The Ascent featuring a cityscape at night and the closed caption: [SIRENS WAILING IN DISTANCE]

How often are sirens described as wailing in closed captioning? What else do sirens do in closed captioning other than wail? Does it matter? An analysis of nonspeech descriptions of siren sounds in a corpus of DVD caption files.

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S. Zdenek

Dr. Sean Zdenek is an associate professor of technical and professional writing at the University of Delaware. He is the author of Reading Sounds: Closed-Captioned Media and Popular Culture (University of Chicago Press, 2015).